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Garcinia Cambogia is a a small or medium-sized tropical tree which bear fruits throughout the year. This plant is native to Southeast Asia and southern India. It is also found in western and central Africa. The fruits are small and looks like a small pumpkin. The color ranges from green to yellow/orange.
Garcinia Cambogia is one of the many species of the plant genus, Garcinia. Its’ scientific name is Garcinia gummi-gutta. This Garcinia Cambogia fruit is also known as Malabar Tamarind, brindleberry, and Kudam Puli.
One of its’ most well-known cousin is the purple mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana).
Once the Garcinia Cambogia fruits ripens, the seed are removed and then the rind are dried in the sun, after which it’s smoked.
The dried rind which is dark brown or black, is used as a spice/condiment, and also as a food preservative.
In southeast Asia, Garcinia Cambogia has been used for centuries in cooking for making curries and soup. When used as a condiment, it adds a sourish taste to the dish.
It is also used in traditional medicine as a mild laxative. The sap from the plant is used to make varnish.
The dried and smoked Garcinia Cambogia is shown on the right.
The dried fruit should be rinse and soaked in boiling water for about 10 to 15 minutes, in order to get the best out of the fruit.
The fruit and liquid are used in cooking as a replacement for tamarind or lemon, to give the dish a sour but not acidic taste.
What Is Garcinia Cambogia Best Known For?
Garcinia Cambogia is well known for its claim of fast weight loss and fat burning properties. The active ingredient in Garcinia Camborgia extracts is Hydroxycitric Acid, which is often referred as HCA. The rind or pericarp contains about 10 – 30% by weight of Garcinia Cambogia HCA.
Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA) is a modified form of ciric acid. Laboratory test on rats have indicated that HCA can inhibit certain enzyme processes that allows carbohydrates to be stored as fat. This means that with HCA, less fat will be formed and the excess carbohydrates are used instead of stored as fat.
The side effect of this process is that there is a decrease in appetite which results in further weight loss.
Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA) is used in many weight loss products.